President’s Month in Review: August 1 – August 15, 1958

OFFICIAL MONTH IN REVIEW

August 1. THIS morning the President had his eyes examined by EENT experts of the Veterans Memorial Hospital on the occasion of the opening of the Sight Saving Week.

The EENT experts, Dr. Noe Legasto, chief of the EENT department of the VMH, and Dr. Terencio Gener, EENT specialist of the VMH, said that the eyeglasses being used by the President were still all right for his eyes.

Mrs. Leonila D. Garcia’s eyes were also examined by Dr. Legasto and Dr. Gener. The EENT specialists told the First Lady that she should get a new pair of eyeglasses with a higher grade.

Present during the examination of the President’s and the First Lady’s eyes in the music room of Malacañang were Acting Labor Secretary Agapito Braganza, Sight Saving Week Committee Chairman Ernesto Runno, Philippine Eye Bank Chairman Leopoldo Rovira, Jr., VMH Director Joaquin Sanchez, Dr. Guillermo llano, Dr. Marcelino Angangco, VMH assistant director, P.E.B. co-Chairman Henry Tang, Director Jose S. Alfonso, Ramon Zosa, Mrs. Benjie Kosloff, Mrs. Amparo L. de Guzman, Mrs. Dominandor Aytona, and others.

After the examination of his eyes, the President received the Earl of Bandon, commander-in-chief of the British Royal Air Force in the Far East. The Earl of Bandon, who paid a courtesy call, was accompanied by Christopher Ewart-Piggs, charge d’affaires of the British Embassy.

Other callers of the President were mostly provincial delegations headed by political leaders. The callers renewed their pledges of support to the President’s election bid. Among those who saw the President were Gov. Bierivenido Ebarle of Zamboanga del Sur and his delegation; Mayor H. de Pedro of Koronadal, Cotabato, and his followers; Gov. Diego Ty-Deling of Misamis Occidental and Mayor Angel Medina of Ozamis City; Rep. Jose Nuguid of Bataan; Rep. Godofredo Ramos and Gov. Jose Raz Mehes of Aklan and their delegation; Gov. Valeriano Gatuslao of Negros Occidental; Rep. Tobias Former of Antique, and Gov. Juan Alberto of Catanduanes. Another courtesy caller of the President was retired U.S. Navy Capt. Richard Gaines.

The President also received Enrique Soriano of Iloilo, who was a delegate to the recent Nacionalista Party national convention. Soriano reported to the President that because of the lack of irrigation system in Iloilo there was a draught in the towns of Balasan, Estancia, Carles, and Batad. The President assured Soriano that he did instruct, Public Works Secretary Florencio Moreno to look into the possibility of constructing an irrigation system to serve the, four towns.

PRESIDENT Garcia conferred with a number of city and provincial executives who called on him at Malacañang this afternoon to air their views and suggestions, regarding the political situations in their respective localities and requested him to transmit those suggestions to the executive committee of the Nacionalista Party.

At an impromptu press conference following his meeting with the city and provincial officials, the President did not reveal the views and suggestions aired.

Those who met with the President at the Council of, State room in Malacañang from 6 to 7 p.m. were Mayor Sergio Osmeña, Jr., of Cebu City and Govs. Amado Aleta of Nueva Ecija, Juan Alberto of Catanduanes, Alejandro Almendras of Davao, Bernardo Torres of Leyte, Felixberto Dagani of Agusan, Marcos Malupa of Batanes, and Romulo Garrovillo of Zamboanga del Norte.

August 2.—PRESIDENT Garcia, who has been kept busy by crowds of delegates and other callers who visited him the whole week after his first ballot victory, slipped out of Malacañang early this morning.

He boarded the Navy ship Alert, together with his aide, Maj. Jose Estrella, and cruised around Manila Bay for a three-day rest.

The President is planning to stay aboard the ship until Sunday. He may extend his cruise until Monday, as he plans to shy away from the Nacionalista Party executive committee meeting to give that body “a free hand” in choosing his running mate. President Garcia has refrained from throwing his support behind any of the vice-presidential aspirants.

President Garcia said he wanted to stay alone. He has previously told his aides to cut down on callers but many visitors trooped to Malacañang just the same. Most of them claimed they were delegates to the NP convention which had endorsed his nomination on the first ballot.

The President decided to board the Alert, as his hideout in Fort Wm. McKinley has been too well-known for him to seek refuge from callers.

Before motoring to the wharf, the President directed Executive Secretary Fortunato de Leon to accept the resignation of Defense Undersecretary Jose M. Crisol and sign it.

He likewise directed Lieut. Gen. Alfonso Arellano, AFP chief of staff, SWA Administrator Amparo Villamor, and Technical Assistant Sofronio Quimson to proceed to Pangasinan to check up on the progress of the reconstruction and relief work in the flooded areas.

Before leaving Malacañang to board the Alert, the President received Rep. Maximino Noel of Cebu.

On board the Alert, the President conferred with Central Bank Governor Miguel Cuaderno on matters affecting the Central Bank. After Cuaderno left, President Garcia held a breakfast conference with a group headed by former Sen. Felixberto Verano which included Aproniano Borres and Guillermo Anton.

At 11 a.m. the President received Budget Commissioner Dominador Aytona and discussed with the latter routine matters involving the budget.

He then received Rep. Manuel Zosa of Cebu and Gov. Juan Trivifio of Camarines Sur, after which he worked on pending state papers.

Up to late at night, the President was still on board the Alert. Malacañang could not say whether or not he was spending the night on board the Navy ship.

August 3.THE PRESIDENT stayed aboard the Navy ship Alert for the second consecutive day today, cruising around Manila Bay.

The President was reported to have relaxed the whole day, napping and playing chess aboard the Alert.

President Garcia used the Alert, as the presidential yacht Santa Maria is under repairs after it had been used by newsmen and their ladies a few days before the convention.

A brief report reaching Malacañang said that the President received the report of a presidential team which had enplaned for Mabini, Pangasinan, this day to survey the progress of relief and reconstruction operations in the flooded areas.

The report was submitted to the President by Lieut. Gen. Alfonso Arellano, AFP chief of staff, Social Welfare Administrator Amparo Villamor, and Technical Assistant Sofronio Quimson.

The President had ordered the trio to fly to Mabini early this morning to check on the relief brought to the flooded areas.

Malacañang also said the President had lunch aboard the RPS Ifugao, one of the Navy cruisers. It was not known why the President transferred to the light cruiser for lunch.

However, after his lunch, the President was reported to have returned to the Alert, where he took a short nap and then played chess with an ill .Identified playmate.

President Garcia may return to Malacañang tomorrow evening, although there were reports that he may stay aboard the Alert till Monday afternoon and let the N.P executive committee choose his running mate.

While aboard the Alert this day, the President was reported to have listened to the progress of the Liberal Party convention proceedings through a radio set.

The President was accompanied by Maj. Jose Estrella, his aide.

August 4.PRESIDENT Garcia this morning heard mass aboard the RPS Ifugao, anchored a short distance from the Navy headquarters, where he had been staying since Saturday to study state papers.

After breakfast he read the Sunday papers and received a few callers. Among the callers were Gov. Amado Aleta of Nueva Ecija, who discussed problems affecting his province, and GSIS General Manager Rodolfo Andal, who took up GSIS matters.

Mrs. Leonila D. Garcia and a few members of the President’s family went aboard the RPS Ifugao, where they ate lunch with the President. About 2 p.m., Mrs. Garcia and her companions returned to Malacañang.

Legislative Secretary Jose C. Nable, Gov. Juan Pajo of Bohol, and Assistant Press Secretary Guillermo V. Sison also boarded the ship and conferred with the President. The President gave his order summoning heads of several government agencies to attend the Cabinet meeting on Wednesday.

Among the office chiefs summoned to the Cabinet meeting were Ernesto Jimenez, acting ACCFA administrator; Juan O. Chioco, NARIC chairman; Benjamin F. Estrella, NAMARCO general manager; Manuel Castaneda, land tenure administrator; and Fernando Santiago, Agricultural Tenancy Commission chairman.

The President said that he would like to know from these officials their progress in implementing the government’s objective of attending to the primary needs of the people. He added that if these officials had problems in carrying out their work, the President and the Cabinet members would discuss the problems and seek their solution.

The Chief Executive said that he wanted to know personally from Jimenez and Chioco the present rice and corn situation, and the working agreement between these two agencies regarding their previous difficulties.

President Garcia would like to be informed how the ACCFA head was implementing a recent presidential order on the improvement of the mechanics of fertilizer distribution and increased allocations of fertilizers to meet the requirements of farmers.

With regard to the NAMARCO, the President would like to have a report on the present sugar situation and to know if this agency was supplying the local retailers with enough prime commodities needed by the consuming public.

President Garcia said that he was interested in receiving a progress report of the Land Tenure Administration as to the number of landed estates already bought and subdivided and the number of tenants who have been benefited.

He would like also to be informed by the Agricultural Tenancy Commission on the progress it was making in the promotion of better relationships between the landowners and the tenants.

Mrs. Amparo Villamor, social welfare administrator, and a member of the Cabinet will also report on the work of her office in helping ameliorate the living conditions of the people.

The Chief Executive said that he wanted the heads of various government agencies to apprise him and the Cabinet of what they were doing and to present their problems so that these could be solved. He added that he wanted to know these reports so that he could vigorously implement the government policy of attending to the people’s needs more effectively.

ON learning about former Speaker Eugenio Perez’s death, the President sent the following message of condolence:

“I join the Filipino people in mourning the death of former Speaker Eugenio Perez. Fondly called ‘The Manong’, he was an outstanding leader of his party. In my long years of association with him, I found him both a worthy opponent in politics and a sincere friend. Mrs. Garcia and I extend our heartfelt condolences to Mrs. Perez and her family and pray to the Almighty for his eternal repose.”

IN the afternoon, the President worked on state papers. He is expected to be back to Malacañang tomorrow morning.

August 5.— AT a luncheon this noon tendered by Speaker Jose B. Laurel Jr., at the Filipinas Hotel after his proclamation as the Nacionalista official vice-presidential candidate, President Garcia reiterated his appeal for NP unity in order to insure the party’s victory in the coming elections.

At the same time, the Chief Executive expressed his appreciation over the results of the NP national convention and the deliberations of the NP executive committee in reposing their confidence in him and in Speaker Laurel.

“I am sure of one thing—the masses of our people have faith and confidence in the Nacionalista Party, and we shall not fail the people who have already pronounced a favorable judgment on the Nacionalista Party, as shown in public manifestations, especially in the 18 provinces I have visited recently,” the President said.

Among those present at the luncheon were Sens. Jose P. Laurel, Sr., Pacita M. Gonzalez, Manuel C. Briones, Pedro Sabido, Cipriano Primicias, Jose C. Locsin, Roseller T. Lim, Alejo Mabanag, and Domocao Alonto; Secretaries Jaime Hernandez, Florencio Moreno, Fortunato de Leon, and Eulogio Balao; Reps. Jose Aldeguer, Arturo M. Tolentino, Bartolome Cabangbang, Angel Castaño, Tobias Fbrnier, Francisco Ortega, and Ramon Mitra; Govs. Nicanor Maronilla Seva, Arsenio Lugay, Bernardo Torres, Alejandro Almendras, and Dominador Chipeco; Ambassadors Felixberto Serrano and Jose Fuentebella; and Cebu City Mayor Sergio Osmeña, Jr.

After lunch the President, together with Speaker Laurel and other NP stalwarts, motored to the residence of former Speaker Eugenio Perez to condole with the widow, Mrs. Consuelo Salazar-Perez, and immediate members of the family.

UPON arriving at Malacañang early this morning from RPS Ifugao, the President started receiving callers, among them Secretaries Oscar Ledesma, Eulogio Balao, and Florencio Moreno; Ambassador Serrano, CB Governor Miguel Cuaderno, Sen. Roseller T. Lim, and Gov. Valeriano Gatuslao.

Then he proceeded to the Malacañang lawn where he reassured about 1,000 recognized and unrecognized guerrillas belonging to the Talbac Regiment that the Veterans Commission as provided for in R. A. 1889 would be created soon. Screening of guerrilla applications for veterans benefits would also.start soon, he said.

At the study room, the President received members of the Batangas Lawyers Association, led by Mario Gutierrez, who requested him to be their guest speaker at the induction of their officers.

Soon after this, Speaker Jose B. Laurel, Jr., arrived with Speaker Protempore Daniel Z. Romualdez, to inform officially the President of Speaker Laurel’s selection as official vice-presidential candidate of the Nacionalista Party.

Speaker Laurel also invited the President for luncheon at the Filipinas Hotel to celebrate his selection.

THE President today accepted “with the utmost regret” Press Secretary J. V. Cruz’s resignation, “effective upon the appointment of your successor.”

In submitting his resignation, Secretary Cruz said that as he had been nominated and confirmed as the official candidate of the Nacionalista Party for the lone congressional seat of Bataan, “I will have to begin campaigning for your victory and mine, and that of our party’s entire ticket in the coming November elections.”

Cruz said that it had been a pleasure and a privilege for him to have served with President Garcia, “not only as your press secretary since your succession to the Presidency but long before that, at the various SEATO conferences which I had attended as a member of the Philippine delegation under your wise guidance and leadership.”

He expressed confidence that the people would renew their faith and confidence in President Garcia’s stewardship of their affairs at the November elections. He expressed the hope that he would have the “opportunity to continue serving you as a member of congress.”

President Garcia praised J. V. for having discharged the responsibilities and functions of his office with high distinction. The President said that this fact had been recognized early “during your tenure by the most appropriate and severest possible judge of your work, the National Press Club, when it unanimously recommended to the late President Magsaysay that your position be raised to Cabinet rank, and the late President readily acceded.”

The President gave assurance that he would contribute in every way he could to J. V.’s election to Congress, “not only because of your obvious qualifications to serve in that august body but because I will need, assuming my own re-election, your continued service and support.”

The President thanked J. V. for his pledge of assistance, and he expressed high hopes that “our cause will meet with the enthusiastic endorsement and approval of an overwhelming majority of our people.”

August 6.—-PRESIDENT Garcia received numerous callers the whole morning today.

After a breakfast conference with Sens. Jose Locsin and Cipriano Primicias, the President received former Sen. Salipada Pendatun and Rep. Luminog Mangelen. He also received Sens. Quintin Paredes and Francisco Delgado and PNB President Arsenio Jison.

Two separate delegations from Iloilo, one headed by Gov. Mariano Peñaflorida and the other, by Sen. Jose C. Zulueta, saw the President.

The delegation led by Peñaflorida included Reps,, Pedro Trono and Ricardo Y. Ladrido; Domitilo Abordo; Mayors Toribio Barredo of Barotac Nueyo, Rafael Lacuesta of Lambunao, Severino Fernandez of Calinoc, and Florentino Perez of Pototan; Dr. Ricardo Provido; and Esteban Debuque.

Zulueta’s delegation included Provincial Board Member Guadalino Mosqueda; Ceferino de los Santos and Nicolas Centeno; and Mayors Juanito Pondon of Dumangas, Nicolas Tarrosa of Banate, Potenciano Imperial of Lucena, and Simplicio Carreon of Oton.

Eligio J. Tavanlar, past president of the Manila Lions Club, led a delegation of fellow Lions to ask the President to be the guest speaker at a banquet to be given at the Manila Hotel on August 19, birthday of the Late President Manuel L. Quezon. Other Lions present were Eduardo Escobar, president; Dr. Climpio Villacorta, immediate past president; Leon Lopez, first vice-president; Domingo Arcega, secretary; and Mike Campos, director.

Rufino G. Gache led a delegation of officials and members of the Bicol Youth for Garcia Campaign Committee. Other members present included Juan E. Verdad, Carmelisa Reyes, Jose Montanez, Napoleon Fulay, Guadalupe Basco, Wilfrido Panotes, Jr., Jose Tayato Ester Cater, Lourdes Balce, and Dr. Restituto Valentin.

In response to the wire for aid of the 360 workers of the Philippine Rubber Project Company in Kabasalan, Zamboanga del Sur, who are on strike, President Garcia contributed F500 from his personal funds as aid for the purchase of 20 sacks of rice. Alfredo R. Gomez, president of the Labor and Tenant Movement for Garcia, together with Ricardo Z. Buyco, president of the Inter-island Labor Organization, and Dominador S. Sustento, ILO legal counsel, told the President that they would enplane tomorrow for Kabasalan to deliver the presidential aid.

Gomez said that President Garcia proved he was a true friend of labor.

PRESIDENT Garcia today granted another 30-day reprieve to death convict Crispin Verzo, who was scheduled to burn on the electric chair tomorrow.

Verzo, who had been sentenced to death for planting a time bomb in a Philippine Air Lines plane, had been previously given a 30-day stay of execution by the President. The first reprieve expires today.

The President, in granting another reprieve, said that “some time was considered still necessary for a thorough and careful study of the merits of the petitions for executive clemency filed in behalf of prisoner Crispin Verzo.”

IN the afternoon, the President conferred for several minutes with Speaker Jose B. Laurel, Jr., the Nacionalista Party’s vice-presidential candidate, and later presided over a press conference.

Speaker Laurel was grilled by Palace newsmen on the Batangas electoral reaction in the coming polls. He declared that “no Batangueño can say Sen. Claro M. Recto will lose in Batangas.”

However, he added that his election as President Garcia’s running mate has greatly improved the chances of candidates in that province.

“Senator Recto is not the only Batangueño. I am a Batangueño and so is my father,” Speaker Laurel said.

It was one of the most well-attended press conferences, with a number of “rah-rah” boys from several Garcia-for-President clubs present to furnish the line for the President to follow.

President Garcia also announced he was naming Assistant Press Secretary Guillermo V. Sison as acting press secretary to replace Secretary J. V. Cruz, who resigned the other day.

THE following is the text of the joint statement of President Garcia and Speaker Laurel as presidential and vice-presidential candidates, respectively, of the Nacionalista Party:

“In this our first joint press conference as official candidates of the Nacionalista Party, we would like to offer our greetings to the people of the Philippines through the press and radio.

“We are deeply grateful to the Nacionalista Party for its overwhelming manifestation of confidence in choosing us to be its standard bearers in the coming national elections.

“Drawing strength from this mandate of our Party, we are determined to push onward to victory our campaign for the entire Nacionalista Party ticket. We will go to the people whose will is sovereign in a democracy—in the barrios, on the farms, in the factories, and everywhere else—and remind them of this truth: That the Nacionalista Party Administration has been faithfully implementing the program of government as initiated by our beloved late President Ramon Magsaysay.

“We will ask them to reaffirm their faith in the Nacionalista Party because it has proved itself the genuine guardian of Magsaysay’s ideals for good government. For it is through the Nacionalista Party that the people can realize the fulfillment of the late leader’s dream of improving their lot.

“We are confident that with the aid of Divine Providence and the solid support of our Party and the people, all Nacionalista candidates will be given an impressive verdict of victory at the November polls.

“We also would like to take this opportunity to convey our gratitude to the press, radio, and television for their splendid cooperation in the holding of a democratic convention as well as an honest and orderly nomination.”

IN the evening the President received a delegation of five provincial governors who suggested the inclusion of provincial governors in the NP senatorial ticket and in the Cabinet.

The governors who called on the President were Juan Alberto of Catanduanes, Alejandro Almendras of Davao, Francisco Infantado of Mindoro Oriental, Juan Triviho of Camarines Sur, and Diego Ty-Deling of Misamis Occidental.

The President assured the governors that he would transmit their request to the Nacionalista Party executive committee.

The President also received the San Juan, Rizal, councilors headed by Vice-Mayor Sofronio Veloso. The councilors and Vice-Mayor Veloso pledged their support to the President’s election bid. They also invited the Chief Executive to inaugurate the San Juan GPM (Garcia-for-President-Movement) headquarters where Vice-Mayor Veloso is the coordinator.

Other callers of the President included Rep. Reynaldo Honrado of Surigao and his delegation, Rep. Lamberto Macias of Negros Oriental and his delegation, and Gov. Manuel Solidum of Romblon and Public Works Secretary Florencio Moreno.

August 7.THIS morning the President had breakfast with political leaders from Lanao with whom he discussed local problems like public improvements and the province’s political situation.

Present at the breakfast were Sen. Domocao Alonto, Lanao Gov. Salvador Lluch, Mardki Alonto and Laurentino Badolles, a; congressional aspirant. Also present at the breakfast was Olimpio Villacorta, former Liberal Party stalwart of Lanao, who pledged his support to the entire Nacionalista Party ticket in the coming elections.

The Lanao leaders reiterated their pledge of support for all the Nacionalista official candidates in the coming elections. They assured the President that the Nacionalista Party will win in Lanao.

After the breakfast, the President proceeded to the Council of State room, where he presided over the regular Cabinet meeting.

PRESIDENT Garcia and his Cabinet in a 4-hour meeting this day attended by six heads of government agencies:

(1) Discussed ways to pull down the prices of essential commodities and provide incentives for better production; and

(2) Received a progress report on what the government has already accomplished in providing lands and homes for the landless and the homeless, and in promoting better relations between tenants and landowners,

The need for lowering the price of rice and maintaining it at the authorized ₱.85 level and the necessity of providing incentives to producers in order to increase rice production and thereby assure its steady local supply, were resolved by adopting the following measures:

(1) Aside from the expected arrival of some 40,000 tons of rice at about the end of August, the President and the Cabinet approved an additional importation of 20,635 tons. This will cover up the expected shortage of rice caused by pests and typhoons which hit the Bicol region, Visayas, Mindanao, and Central Luzon, including the poor second rice crop in Central Luzon.

NARIC Chairman Juan O. Chioco explained to the Cabinet that the first NARIC importation of 39,365 tons of rice this year had already been exhausted and the expected 40,000 tons was due to arrive at the end of this month. He, however, stressed that in view of the anticipated rice shortage, there was still necessity to import the additional 20,635 tons in order to cover the 100,000 tons of rice importation originally intended for this year as approved by the late President Magsaysay.

The President and the Cabinet agreed that with these steps, together with the harvest of upland and other early palay varieties in September, the price of rice would gradually drop to a normal ₱.85 per ganta of Macan ordinario and remain steady until the year’s end. It was believed by the Cabinet that these measures could solve the immediate rice problem.

However, the President and the Cabinet adopted a measure designed to solve the rice problem on a long-range basis by means of increasing the production of this staple commodity.

Upon the suggestion of Acting ACCFA Administrator Ernesto Jimenez, the President and the Cabinet approved that the NARIC buy all palay, Macan No. 2, at prices ranging from ₱10 to ₱10.50 a cavan. This was calculated to give an incentive to rice producers to increase their volume of production. The President at the same time said that he would soon create a committee to study ways of giving further incentives to producers. It was believed that the ultimate solution to the shortage in the production of staple crops, was production and that this could only be realized when the proper incentives were given to producers.

The President, through Jimenez, thanked all FACOMA members for their cooperation with the government in selling to the NARIC through the CCE all their palay which amounted to some 500,000 cavans.

Regarding the corn situation, Chioco said that the price of corn in consuming areas was now ₱.50 to ₱55 a ganta of grits. This price is considered normal.

The lowering of the price of corn grits from ₱70 per ganta during the months of May, June, and July to the present level was, according to Chioco, brought about by the NARIC sale of corn grits direct to the consumer at not more than ₱40 a ganta, as originally ordered by the late President Magsaysay. Chioco added that the harvest of corn in Davao, Cotabato, and Pagadian (Zamboanga del Sur) had already started.

However, Chioco called the attention of the Cabinet that as a result of its selling of com at ₱40 a ganta, the NARIC had, as of June 31, suffered a total loss of ₱l,182,000.

(2) Regarding sugar, NAMARCO General Manager Benjamin F. Estrella reported that the NAMARCO, upon a previous order of President Garcia, had procured sugar for distribution to the public. He said that the NAMARCO had enough golden brown sugar stocks that would last until the end of September, to be sold at from ₱.30 to ₱.35 a kilo.

Estrella explained that the price of sugar could not go down immediately because sugar distributors had first to dispose of their old sugar stocks which had been procured at a higher price. He said the new and lower prices would be felt in a week or so.

In order to control more effectively the price of sugar, Estrella recommended that the government take an active participation in the procurement and distribution of sugar. He said that as the milling season would be around October and November, action should begin immediately with regard to the procurement of this commodity.

(3) Regarding the lowering of the cost of other essential commodities, the President and the Cabinet approved that NAMARCO officials hold a conference with Monetary Board officials in order to thresh out differences as to the interpretation of the NAMARCO law allotting $20 million to the NAMARCO for the importation of controlled goods, in addition to the $14 million for decontrolled items.

It was explained by Estrella that his office was facing difficulty in getting additional dollar allocations from the Central Bank because amounts already drawn by the NAMARCO against its $14 million allotment for decontrolled items were being charged against the $20 million as allowed by the NAMARCO law. Estrella said that in view of this difficulty in get the full dollar allocations for the NAMARCO, his office could not import enough prime commodities to flood the market and bring down prices to reasonable levels.

Estrella, however, pointed out that if the NAMARCO could also utilize its $34 million total allocation for the importation of goods it would have sufficient stocks to stabilize prices.

President Garcia and his Cabinet heard PHHC General Manager Vicente Orosa report on the progress of the government’s low-cost housing projects; Land Tenure Administration Chairman Manuel E. Castañeda, on the number of landed estates already acquired and distributed to landless tenants; and Agricultural Tenancy Commissioner Fernando Santiago, on the progress his office was making in promoting more harmonious relations between tenants and landowners.

Secretary Orosa informed the President and the Cabinet that the government’s low-cost housing projects have been progressing at appreciable speed with eight projects in Manila and Quezon City fully completed; Project 7, Area B, in Quezon City, 60 per cent completed; Tagaytay City project, 30 per cent completed; Tacloban City project, 30 per cent completed; the Iloilo, Bacolod, and Roxas cities projects, five per cent completed; and Project 8 in Quezon City, about to be started.

Orosa said that in the Government’s desire to provide the lowest possible rentals to its low income employees, reductions in rentals have been effected in some projects. He added that an additional area was being acquired in Novaliches in order to accommodate more squatters from Manila who are due for resettlement.

Orosa said that in the eight low-cost housing projects already finished, some 9,335 families had already been settled.

Land Tenure Administration Chairman Castañeda reported that out of 536 petitions for acquisition of landed estates, 42 estates involving more or less 26,095 hectares of agricultural land and 1,514,741 square meters of residential properties have been programmed. The total number of tenants to be benefited is 11,782 with about 59,420 dependents. Of these 42 estates programmed, 12 have already been acquired and/or fully negotiated. There are 15 estates under expropriation in court and 15 are pending final negotiations.

Castañeda said that his office had already subdivided and/or still subdividing the following estates: Fabie estate, Tibaguin estate, Buenavista estate (partial), Juanito estate, Valdez estate, Lichauco estate, Dimson area (Dinalupihan estate), and Tucop area (also Dinalupihan estate).

He added that distribution of the lands subdivided had been accelerated by enhancing investigations of conflicts of claims among tenants.

Castañeda pointed out that a total of ₱2,126,478.92 had been collected by his office, representing an increase of ₱546,050.68 over the amount collected by its predecessor for a like period representing the fiscal year 1954-55, and half of fiscal year 1955-56.

He also said that the LTA had already screened about 8,000 house owners or occupants of lands in Tondo Foreshore and about 2,000 occupants are to be screened. He added that the LTA had executed deeds of sale or agreements to sell in favor of 2,369. tenants, virtually making them owners of the land they actually till or occupy.

Commissioner Santiago, reporting on the tenant-landowner relations, informed the Cabinet that for the six months of the fiscal year 1957 alone, 1,844 cases involving 6,001 tenants had been handled. Some 1,647 or 89 per cent of these involving 5,518 tenants had been settled.

Regarding the enforcement of the security of tenure and crop sharing provisions of Republic Act 1199, Santiago said that a great majority of tenancy conflicts handled by the Commission involved these two issues. He said that the tenants who were victims of illegal sharing arrangements and whose cases were medicated by the ATC last fiscal year, 13 per cent were able to secure as additional shares from 25 per cent to 55 per cent of the net yield, 68 per cent received as additional shares from 10 per cent to 24 per cent of the net yield, and 19 per cent received below 10 per cent of the net yield.

These tenants who secured these additional shares will enjoy these benefits every harvest time henceforth, he added.

Santiago also reported that the ATC was able to secure the reinstatement or compensation of 78 per cent of 281 out of 381 tenants who complained during the past six months that they had been illegally ejected.

The President was pleased with the reports of Orosa, Castañeda, and Santiago. He urged them to exert more efforts in completing the program of their respective offices for the benefit of the majority of the masses of the people.

During the Cabinet meeting President Garcia signed a proclamation reserving for a branch office site of the Social Welfare Administration parcels of land situated in Malate.

The President presided over the Cabinet meeting which was held at the Council of State room from 10:30 a.m. to past 3 p.m.

THE President today endorsed to the Commissioner of Civil Service for immediate appropriate action the findings and recommendations of the special committee designated “to look into alleged inefficiency, incompetence, and negligence at the Philippine General Hospital.”

In a report to the President, the committee recommended the following with the full concurrence of Health Secretary Paulino Garcia:

(1) That Dr. Polleno Cespon, adjunct resident on duty in pediatrics, be required to resign immediately;

(2) That Miss Clarita Rubica, staff nurse in Ward 9, be required to resign immediately;

(3) That Miss Juanita Sereho, staff nurse in Ward 9, be fined an amount equivalent to one-month salary or suspension for two months without pay with the warning that repetition by her of the same or similar offense shall be cause for dismissal;

(4) That Dr. Juanita Esguerra-Arcilla, physician on duty, be suspended for one month without pay and warned that repetition by her of the same or similar offense shall be dealt with more drastically;

(5) That Manuel Silao, interne on duty in pediatrics, be suspended for one month and warned that repetition by him of the same or similar offense shall be dealt with more severely; and

(6) That Dr. Salud Buquir, ambulance surgeon on duty in the admitting section, be reprimanded for her failure to demonstrate such solicitous and humanitarian interest for the relief of the patient’s suffering.

The finding and recommendations of the committee were made following an investigation of the case of 13-year child Rosalinda Angeles for which the committee had been instructed to submit a report, within five days. Child Rosalinda was admitted at the PGH on July 23, 1957, and died owing to alleged negligence on the part of the hospital staff.

The committee reported to the President that Dr. Salud Buquir did what was expected of her as ambulance surgeon but should have shown more interest and concern by administering a medication that might have relieved Rosalinda’s symptom.

The committee said that Manuel Silao, who was only a fifth-year medical student, arrogated to himself almost full responsibility for the patient while he was not matured or experienced enough to do so.

Miss Rubica was found by the committee grossly negligent in the performance of her duty to the patient, inefficient in her work as a nurse, and showed acts of indifference and discourtesy unbecoming of her position as staff nurse.

The committee said that Dr. Cespon was grossly negligent in the discharge of his duties in regard to child Rosalinda and in the supervision he was to exercise on Silao. The committee also said that Dr. Cespon did not have adequate experience to have assumed the responsibility he did in the case of Rosalinda.

The committee was of the opinion that Miss Sereño violated established procedures in the PGH pertaining to her duties and responsibilities and that she was wanting in the concern and solicitude which one in her position was expected to give to the child patient.

Dr. Esguerra-Arcilla did not display proper diligence and care of her responsibility according to the committee.

The report was submitted to the President during the Cabinet meeting by Health Secretary Garcia, who said that the committee was already at work on the second phase of the probe: Fundamental causes of public dissatisfaction regarding conditions and services in the PGH. Secretary Garcia said that a report on the second phase of the investigation would be submitted within two weeks.

The committee is composed of Dr. Arsenio Regala, special assistant in the Office of the Secretary of Health, chairman, and Dr. Gumersindo Garcia, Dr. Ricardo Alfonso, Dr. Antonio Rodriguez, Dr. Manuel Arambulo, Dr. Trinidad Gomez, and Isabelo Zapanta, members.

PRESIDENT Garcia accepted today the resignation of Solicitor General and concurrently Government Corporate Counsel Ambrosio Padiila from all the government positions he was holding.

Executive Secretary Fortunato de Leon signed the President’s acceptance of Padilla’s resignation. Padiila was considered resigned effective at the close of office hours yesterday.

August 8.—PRESIDENT Garcia this morning received more pledges of support for the Nacionalista Party and his election bid. He signed the affiliation papers of three former Liberals.

Press Secretary J. V. Cruz, official NP congressional candidate in Bataan, accompanied Mayor Romulo Albelda of Samal, Bataan, who formally signed his affiliation papers before the Chief Executive. Former Gov. Adelmo Camacho and other Bataan political leaders were present at the ceremony.

The President also signed the affiliation papers of Datu Punjungan Indal of Suru and Jose Ponce de Leon of Bacolod City in the presence of Mr. and Mrs. Amonio Lozada, Col. and Mrs. Jose B. Teruel, and Mesdames Luz Medel, Nena Locsin, Nemia Poe, and Maria Vicente.

A delegation of the Iloilo Lawyers Association, led by Tomas Concepcion, called on the President to submit its report on the political situation in Iloilo. Other members of the delegation were Rafael D. Lavente, Agustin Misola, Engracio Areño, Edgardo Villalobos, Roberto Dineros, and Emilio Eligio, all lawyers.

Other callers included Agriculture Secretary Juan de G. Rodriguez, Gov. Alejo Santos of Bulacan, and former Labor Secretary Jose Figueras.

THE President this morning signed Proclamation No. 430, authorizing the Philippine Tuberculosis Society to conduct a national fund and educational drive from August 19, 1957, to September 30, 1957.

The proclamation was signed in the presence of Manolo Elizalde, general chairman of the campaign, and ranking officials of the society, among them Drs. Jose Capistrano, Fernando Duran, and Miguel Cañizares, and Antonio Bengzon, Mrs. Norberto Amoranto, and Pedro Lopez.

PRESIDENT Garcia today directed acting ACCFA Administrator Ernesto T. Jimenez to implement fully and immediately the provisions of the Fertilizer Law and speed up the distribution of fertilizers to all farmers in order to step up production of staple crops and find a more permanent solution to the lowering of their prices.

President Garcia issued this directive as a follow-up to the measures already discussed and approved at the Cabinet meeting yesterday in seeking a solution to the lowering of prices of prime commodities and increasing production. He gave the order after a conference today with Commerce Secretary Oscar Ledesma; Jose Ma, Gomez, president of the Federation of Sugar Cane Planters Association; and Carlos Ledesma, president of the San Carlos Planters Association.

Upon learning of the immediate requirements for fertilizers estimated to exceed the ₱7 ½ million previously released on his authority, the President asked Budget Commissioner Dominador R. Aytona to seek ways and means for the release of an additional outlay of P8 million before September this year, to cover the deficiency. Under R. A. 1609, the ACCFA is charged with the distribution of subsidized fertilizers to farmers applying for them.

The President recently ordered the release of ₱7 ½ million for the purchase of fertilizers to be sold at half the procurement cost. The President told the ACCFA executive to do everything within his means to hasten the shipment to the Philippines of some 10,000 metric tons of fertilizers ordered from abroad so that they could be distributed’ soon to the farmers.

He also directed the National Power Corporation to increase the rate of shipment of fertilizers earmarked for the ACCFA from the Maria Cristina plant of the corporation.

Numerous representatives of farming groups, including the rice and sugar growers, have asked the President and ACCFA officials for earlier distribution of the subsidized fertilizers to catch up with the weather conditions now existing, which are favorable for planting. It was learned from ACCFA Administrator Jimenez that agreements had already been made with representatives of sugar planters with regard to the allocation of fertilizers to sugar people and the manner of distribution.

It was further learned that practically all sugar planters are members of associations affiliated with the ACCFA.

PRESIDENT and Mrs. Garcia in the afternoon witnessed the field demonstrations and the “Philippine Constabulary in Review” at Camp Crame presented by the PC on the occasion of its 56th organization day.

The President and the First Lady, accompanied by AFP Chief of Staff Lieut. Gen. Alfonso Arellano, arrived at Camp Crame about 3:30 p.m. A 21-gun salute boomed as the President entered the gate of the camp. After saluting the colors, the President proceeded to the platform from where he witnessed the demonstrations.

Top ranking officers of the AFP and PC, retired generals, foreign military top brass, and the ladies of the officers met the President and the First Lady as they ascended the stairs of the platform in front of PC headquarters building.

The Chief Executive enjoyed the field demonstrations which included a silent drill exhibition, cavalry exhibition, commando exhibition, dog exhibition, and an exhibition of a daylight commando raid with cavalry and dogs in support. “The Philippine Constabulary in Review,” where the PC was shown in different uniforms from 1901 up to the present, drew an applause from the President and the audience.

The President was invited by the PC as guest at their celebration. Speakers during the program were PC Chief Brig. Gen. Manuel F. Cabal and Maj. Gen. Mariano N. Castañeda (ret.), former PC chief and AFP chief of staff.

The Chief Executive was flanked on the platform by Lieut. Gen. Arellano, Brig. Gen. Cabal, and Gen. Castañeda, General Emilio Aguinaldo, Lieut. Gen. Jesus Vargas (ret.), JUSMAG Chief Mai. Gen. Joseph Harper, Maj. Gen. Basilio Valdes (ret.), AFP Deputy Chief of Staff Brig. Gen. Diosdado Rodriguez, and other top brass of the AFP and the PC were among those present at the demonstrations and programs.

The President returned to Malacañang about 7 p.m.

AN accident victim, who was seriously injured when the jeep he was riding fell off a cliff near the NARRA Maramag settlement project in Bukidnon, is now in the care of expert hands at the National Orthopedic Hospital after being airlifted to Manila by the order of President Garcia.

The victim, Victorino Mangalindan, NARRA field auditor, was with three others who were not seriously injured. Mangalindan was airlifted by an Air Force plane which took off for Bukidnon at 4:30 this morning. The plane came back about seven hours later and the patient was whisked by a PAF ambulance to the NOH.

The President ordered the airlifting of Mangalindan and the three others yesterday upon being informed of the matter by Acting NARRA General Manager Jorge Alba and NARRA Board Chairman Remedios Fortich. The plane was not able to get to Bukidnon on the same day because of bad weather. The plane passed by Virac, Catanduanes, for another emergency patient also by order of the President.

August 9.PRESIDENT Garcia this morning paid homage to the late former Speaker Eugenio Perez. He and Mrs. Leonila D. Garcia motored to the Legislative Building, where joint Senate-House necrological services were held in honor of the departed former Speaker. The President was greeted by Speaker Protempore Daniel Z. Romualdez upon arrival at the Capitol at exactly 9:05. He immediately proceeded to the session hall of the House of Representatives, where the remains of the former Speaker was lying in state.

The necrological services commenced after the President took his seat at the rostrum with Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez and Speaker Jose B. Laurel, Jr.

After the necrological program, the President and the First Lady condoled with the family of the late Speaker Perez. Then they returned to Malacañang.

On the way to Congress this morning to attend the necrological services in honor of the late Speaker Eugenio Perez, the President received a resolution approved by the Faculty Club of the University of Santo Tomas to suspend the application of the Social Security Act to the UST faculty members.

ON his return from Congress, the President received all the PC proaincial commanders and members of the Constabulary general staff, headed by Col. Ricardo G. Papa, PC deputy chief.

The President also received Rep. Manuel Enverga of Quezon, Dr. Generoso Nadres, and Mayor Ricardo Macasaet of Infanta, who accompanied two Liberal leaders, Mayor Felix Oria of Candelaria and former Mayor Eligio Manalo, who took their oath as Nacionalistas.

PRESIDENT Garcia this day directed Benjamin Estrella, NAMARCO general manager, to stop the importation of printed textiles, upon the representations of P. L. Lim, spokesman of the Philippine Textile Mills Association.

A delegation of the PTMA called on the President to complain against the NAMARCO importation, alleging that there was no increase in the price of cotton printed textile.

In his directive to Estrella, the President said that NAMARCO should spend its dollars to import other essential goods and not to prejudice local textile production.

The President announced his determination to give his all-out support to the local raw cotton industry as a step to save dollars and ease unemployment.

Other members of the PTMA group were Jesus Yujuico, Martin Tinio, Felix Lirag, Antonio Assad, and C. B. Lim.

The President said that he would announce shortly the members of the committee he would create to study ways and means of giving incentives to producers, including agriculturists and manufacturers, in order to increase the country’s production of prime commodities and eventually reduce prices. The Chief Executive said that he had several persons in mind for this committee but was weighing very carefully the qualifications of each prospective member, adding that he wanted to be sure the committee would not in any way reflect political color and detract from the high objectives of the committee.

The President said that the committee would be composed of representatives of the different segments of the country’s economy, including consumers. He added that once the committee was formed, it would be authorized to call on technical men to assist it in its deliberations.

The creation of the committee was first announced by the President last June 22 when he vetoed Senate Bill No. 167. In that veto, the President said that he was desirous of seeing to it that the country’s producers and manufacturers be provided positive and practical incentives in order to increase the production of the major crops. He believed that the permanent solution to the stabilization of prices of prime needs lay in the production of enough of these commodities.

THE President this morning told 53 PC provincial commanders and members of the PC general staff to be “good referees” during the coming elections so as not to give the impression that they favored any political party. The Chief Executive made this remark in the course of a courtesy call made by the Constabulary officers led by Col. Ricardo Papa, PC deputy chief; Col. Santiago Concepcion, C-l chief; Lt. Col. Manuel Yan, C-2 chief; Col. Lucas Cauton, C-3 chief; Col. Fortunato Racelis, C-4 chief; and Col. Angel Magallanes, deputy area commander for PC affairs, 2nd MA. Brig. Gen. Manuel C. Cabal, PC chief, could not accompany the PC officers because he was kept in bed owing to an indisposition.

President Garcia expressed confidence that Constabulary officers would be able to resist any political pressure which might be exerted by those who might want “to gain advantage over opponents.”

However, the President counselled the officers to handle the situation with tact and to avoid incidents that might destroy the prestige of the Constabulary.

“The role of the Constabulary in the coming elections is to uphold the law, keep peace and order, maintain free, orderly, and clean elections, and maintain its impartiality,” the President said.

THIS noon the President ordered the Social Welfare Administration to extend immediate assistance to some 20 families rendered homeless by a fire which broke in the commercial center of Cagayan de Oro City about 10 a.m. today.

The President gave the order following receipt of a message from City Mayor Justiniano Borja of Cagayan de Oro, who estimated the damage caused by the conflagration at ₱200,000. Two messages were received in Malacañang from the city mayor; the first at 11:30 a.m. when he reported that the fire was still raging and the second at 2:30 p.m. when he said that the conflagra­tion had been put under control.

The President also ordered the Philippine Airforce to have a plane ready to ferry relief supplies from the SWA and the PNRC. Social Welfare Administrator Amparo S. Villamor said she was releasing ₱l,000 for the local purchase of relief goods in the disaster area for immediate distribution to sufferers. This was to augment the assistance already extended the fire victims by government social workers in the area.

AT noon President Garcia had a luncheon conference with members of Congress, headed by Speaker Jose B. Laurel, Jr., NP vice-presidential candidate.

The President and the congressmen discussed plans for the carrying out of an effective campaign in the provinces once the entire Nacionalista senatorial line-up is decided.

Others present at the conference were Speaker Protempore Daniel Z. Romualdez; Majority Floorleader Arturo M. Tolentino; and Reps. Tobias Fornier of Antique, Francisco Ortega of La Union, Ismael Veloso of Davao, Jose Aldeguer of Iloilo, and Justino Nuyda of Albay. Also present were Budget Commissioner Dominador R. Aytona and Public Works Secretary Florencio Moreno.

LATE in the afternoon the President conferred with finance officials of the American motion picture industry during which a satisfactory solution was found for the problem of payment of taxes by American movies.

It was agreed during the conference that American movies would pay the taxes for the year 1956. It was also agreed that the question of paying back taxes by the American movies be submitted to the tax court for final decision.

The President conferred with Finance Secretary Jaime Hernandez, Internal Revenue Collector Jose Arañas, Leo Hochstetter of the American Movie Exporters Association, and R. Ogermann, lawyer for the association.

MALACAÑANG announced today that the initial shipment of 150,000 Magsaysay mourning stamps was finally released by the commissioner of customs after President Garcia had intervened in the matter.

President Garcia this morning upon reading newspaper reports that customs officials allegedly refused to release the stamps unless customs duties were paid, directed Acting Press Secretary Guillermo V. Sison to tell Customs Commissioner Eleuterio Capapas that the President was paying from his personal funds the customs duties due on these stamps amounting to ₱237.

Malacañang Financial Assistant Miguel D. Velasco sent an employee of his office to the Manila International Airport with the money to pay for the customs duties.

It was however found out that the Bureau of Posts had been able to get an exemption from the payment of such duties from the office of the Auditor General. However, President Garcia was asked to pay only ₱2.05 for customs stamps instead of ₱237 for customs duties. The Magsaysay stamps were then released.

August 10.PRESIDENT Garcia today fired his first broadside against his political counterpart, without mentioning his name, when he told, the people of Tarlac:

“Do not trust so called economists who have used their knowledge in economics to enrich themselves and not their country and their countrymen.

“Do not elect such men who are perpetuating the tenancy system in the Philippines.

“Let us trust and elect those who are doing everything in their power to bring about the economic development of our country, those who are giving lands to the landless and homes to the homeless and who are eradicating the tenancy system in our country.”

Although the President did not mention names, his audience knew to whom his tirade was directed, and the people applauded.

The President made these remarks in the course of his speaking trips to nine towns of Tarlac jointly with Speaker Jose B. Laurel, Jr., when the two of them, as the Nacionalista official presidential and vice-presidential tandem, opened their first salvo and brought the case of the Nacionalista candidates direct to the common people and barrio folks of Tarlac.

In his speech at the inauguration of the ₱4,700,000-Magsaysay Irrigation Dam at Mayantoc, Tarlac, the President emphasized that the completion of this project which would irrigate 10,500 hectares, would contribute to the overall production of the country’s staple crops in connection with the government’s long range program of pulling down the prices of these commodities.

In speaking at the towns of Bamban, Santa Ignacia, Mayantoc, Camiling, Moncada, Paniqui, Pura, Gesona, and Tarlac, President Garcia and Speaker Laurel took turns in explaining to the people that it was the Nacionalista Party and the present administration which has faithfully implemented the late President Magsaysay’s program of uplifting the lot of the masses of the people.

President Garcia and Speaker Laurel said the Administration has constructed irrigation systems, highways and feeder roads, pre-fabricated school-houses, bridges, and artesian wells; has quadrupled the rural health facilities for the common people; has given lands to the landless and homes to the homeless; has given peace and order to the country; has given social justice to those who need it; and has restored the people’s faith in their government.

They stressed to the people that this gigantic task was only one-fourth completed at the death of the late President Magsaysay and that only the Nacionalista candidates should be entrusted in completing the work. They pledged that, if elected president and vice-president, they would bring to a successful conclusion the Magsaysay program of good government to the people.

The Garcia-Laurel tandem was royally welcomed in all the towns visited by them. “People rushed to the streets to meet them and shake their hands, while girls tossed flowers on their way. In Mayantoc, President Garcia and Speaker Laurel were borne on the shoulders of the townspeople from the entrance of the town to the town kiosk, where the tandem addressed the cheering crowd.

In his speech in Mayantoc, President Garcia said that the act of the townspeople was symbolic of the people’s support of the Nacionalista administration which would be surely shown in the coming November polls. The people shouted their approval.

After delivering his speech at the Magsaysay Irrigation Dam, President Garcia, accompanied by Public Works Secretary Florencio Moreno, Gov. Arsenio Lugay, Reps. Jose J. Roy and Constancio Castañeda, Social Welfare Administrator Amparo Villamor, Agriculture Secretary Juan de G. Rodriguez, and other officials, walked to one of the water gates of the dam and pulled a lever which let the water flow into the different canals of the system.

The President arrived, at Bamban, Tarlac, about 9:25 a.m. He was on the go the whole day, as he and Speaker Laurel visited the eight other towns and made their speeches. The other officials who accompanied them were Govs. Juan Frivaldo of Sorsogon, Juan Alberto of Catanduanes, Rafael Lazatin of Pampanga, Alejo Santos of Bulacan, and Manuel Barretto of Zambales.

The President also laid the cornerstone of the one million-peso provincial hospital in Tarlac town.

In their speeches. President Garcia and Speaker Laurel praised the work of Reps. Castañeda, and Roy in the Congress, calling them truly dedicated servants of the people.

August 11.—THE President retired to the residence of Public Service Commissioner Alejandro Galang in Tarlac, Tarlac, at 3: 30 this morning for a much-needed rest.

The President woke up 8:30 a.m. and had breakfast 30 minutes later.

After thanking his host for a good night’s rest, President Garcia and his party proceeded to the Tarlac parish church, where they heard mass. From the church, the presidential party motored out of Tarlac for Manila. A big crowd saw them off.

The President arrived at Malacañang shortly before noon. He had barely arrived when he left the Palace again.

Palace aides said the President repaired to his “hideout” to work on state papers.

He is expected to return to Malacañang late tonight.

ON orders of President Garcia five emergency patients were airlifted to Manila from different parts of the country. One of the patients is a survivor of a fatal vehicular accident which claimed seven lives in Nueva Ecija recently.

The patients were flown to Manila for treatment following representations of the respective provincial authorities who either wired or called by Long distance to Malacañang about the patients’ condition.

The list of the emergency patients follows:

(1) Miss Florentina Santillan, Nueva Ecija high school teacher, who is suffering from a brain contussion as a result of an accident in San Leonardo, Nueva Ecija.

(2) Romulo Okaba, from Davao City, who is suffering from infantile paralysis;

(3) Miss Felicidad Tugot, also from Davao City, who has brain tumor;

(4) Gregorio Moralita, from Tacloban City, who suffered fractures after an accident; and ;

(5) Florentino Amoy, a three-year old child from Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte, who swallowed a coin.

All patients were rushed to different Manila hospitals upon arrival at the airport.

Yesterday President Garcia, while in Bamban, Tarlac, directed that Ernesto Manalo, an eight-year old boy be sent to the V. Luna General Hospital for possible surgery. The boy, son of Abelardo Manalo, is suffering from systolithiasis.

August 12.—THE President this morning said he was confident that the NP five-man nominating committee would recommend to the executive committee the men that would compose the winning senatorial ticket in the coming elections.

He reiterated that he would support to the limit all official candidates of the Nacionalista Party.

The President made this statement before a delegation composed of former Gov. Juan Chioco’s sympathizers who marched to Malacañang and urged the Chief Executive to take a hand in the selection of the NP senatorial candidates so that the former governor could be included in the line-up.

The President explained that the NP executive committee, which created the five-man nominating committee, had the blanket authority to name the eight official senatorial candidates who would be selected from the 73 aspirants.

The President told the delegation that he had known Chioco to be a good man and that he as Vice-President had campaigned for Chioco extensively in Mindanao in the last elections when the former governor was an NP official senatorial candidate.

After receiving Chioco’s sympathizers, the President proceeded to the music room where he received Ambassador Manuel Alzate, who paid a courtesy call following his arrival from his post at Karachi, Pakistan.

Then the President repaired to his study where he received a few callers, including Health Undersecretary Rafael Tumbokon, Rep. Celestino Juan of Nueva Ecija, Manila Councilor Antonio Barredo, Mr. and Mrs. Antonio Sabarre, Sixto and Salvador Esquibas, and Mateo Encarnacion.

IN the afternoon the President received Mr. and Mrs. Constantin Brown, who called at Malacañang to pay their respects following their arrival in Manila in the course of a world tour “to find out how many good friends America still have.”

Brown who is foreign editor and foreign news analyst of Washington’s Western Evening Star and whose columns are syndicated by 60 American newspapers, said of the President after a 20-minute chat at the Palace music room. He impressed me as a very capable man.”

Arriving in Manila last Saturday from Bangkok, Thailand, the Browns leave for Taipeh, Formosa, on Friday and, thence, to Hongkong, Seoul, (Korea), and Tokyo (Japan) before returning to Washington. Brown said he had been a newspaperman for the last 44 years.

Other callers this evening included Rep. Serafin Salvador of Rizal and Deputy Internal Revenue Collector Melecio Domingo. Domingo has just returned from a-two-month stay in Switzerland. .

The President today issued Proclamation No. 431, declaring Monday, August 19, 1957, as a special public holiday throughout the Philippines to celebrate the 79th birthday of the late President Manuel L. Quezon.

In declaring August 19 as a special public holiday, the President said it is desirable that “our people be given full opportunity to render homage to the memory of our illustrious leader.”

As this day coincides with Citizenship Day under Proclamation No. 331, President Garcia enjoined the observance of the day with appropriate ceremonies designed to inculcate upon the people, especially the youth, the rights and duties of good citizenship to the end that they would consecrate themselves to the ideals and traditions of the Republic.

The President also signed Proclamation No. 432, declaring the third week of January of every year as National Mental Health Week.

The President said that sound mental health is necessary to the attainment of individual happiness and efficiency, to the establishment of peace and order, and to the promotion of economic and cultural progress. The Philippine Mental Health Association was designated to take charge of the celebration.

The Chief Executive called upon all government and non-government entities and all residents in the Philippines to lend their cooperation and support to the observance of the week.

The President, moreover, signed Proclamation No. 433, declaring the last week of August of every year as Barrio Lieutenants’ Week.

In the proclamation the President said that the barrios are the foundation of the country’s economic and democratic way of life and that the progress and welfare of every barrio depends to a large measure upon the leadership and devotion to duty of the barrio lieutenant.

The President added that the role of a barrio lieutenant is “a continuous process of self-sacrifice.”

He said that in recognition of the constant sacrifices of barrio lieutenants for the welfare, progress, and prosperity of the barrio people, he declared the last week of August of every year as Barrio Lieutenants’ Week. He enjoined every mayor to hold programs during the week honoring the barrio lieutenants, and to create a citizens’ committee to select during the week the most outstanding barrio lieutenant of his city or town.

PRESIDENT Garcia this day granted another reprieve for prisoners Bautista Ragandan, Hilario Mendova, and Alfredo Mendova, who had been convicted of robbery with double murder and sentenced to death.

The previous reprieve granted to these prisoners on July 12, 1957, expires on August 13, 1957.

The President in his order said that some time was considered still necessary for a thorough and careful study of the merits of the petition for executive clemency filed in behalf of the prisoners.

The new reprieve granted to the prisoners expires on September 12, 1957.

August 13.PRESIDENT Garcia this morning administered the oath of  office to Leopoldo Rovira, Jr., of Dumaguete City as acting member of the social security commission. Among those present at the ceremony was Rep. Lorenzo Teves of Negros Oriental, who accompanied Rovira to Malacañang.

The induction ceremony was held at the Malacañang study room, where the Chief Executive received callers who took turns in consulting him on various matters.

The callers consisted mostly of provincial governors who reported to the President on the political situation in their respective localities.

Such callers were Govs. Juan Frivaldo of Sorsogon, Felixberto Dagani of Agusan, and Delfin N. Montano of Cavite.

The President also received Sen. Domocao Alonto and Rep. Guillermo Sanchez of Agusan.

Consul Consuelo Arranz of the Philippine Embassy in Rome, Italy, called to pay her respects following her arrival recently.

Then the President received movie actor Jose Padilla, Jr., who took his oath as a member of the Nacionalista Party.

Individual callers included Vicente Neri, Tereso Dumon, and Benigno Angeles.

The President received callers until 2 p.m.

THE President today received Matias Taniaga, a 27-year-old former guerrilla courier from Naic, Cavite, who sought the President’s assistance for the restoration of his sight.

Taniaga informed the President that he had become blind as a result of the tortures he had received from Japanese soldiers during the Occupa­tion.

Upon learning of Taniaga’s plight, the President wrote a directive’ to the commanding officer of the V. Luna General Hospital, ordering that an eye specialist examine Taniaga’s eyes and if possible restore the guerrilla’s eyesight by operation.

The blind guerrilla courier was accompanied to Malacañang by Joy Francisco, a radio commentator, through whose radio program Taniaga learned about the President’s concern for the poor and the afflicted.

August 14.THIS morning the President gave a despedida breakfast in honor of the Philippine Ambassador to the Vatican, Jose Ma. Delgado, who is scheduled to leave for his post on Friday, August 16.

The affair was purely social although the President, in the course of the breakfast, gave his final instructions to the departing, ambassador to do his utmost in promoting, “better understanding” between the Philippines and the Vatican.

Present at the breakfast were members of the Catholic hierarchy, including Papal Nuncio Egidio Vagnozzi, Manila Achbishop Rufino J. Santos, Auxiliary Bishops Vicente Reyes, and Hernando Antiporda.

Also present at the breakfast which lasted from 8 to 9 a.m. were Sens. Francisco A. Delgado and Francisco Rodrigo and Executive Secretary Fortunate de Leon.

Ambassador Delgado was accompanied to Malacañang by his son, Francisco.

PRESIDENT Garcia today lashed at “men or parties” who wish to perpetuate the tenancy class in the country, and reiterated his vigorous determination to push through the “land for the landless and home for the homeless” program initiated by the late President Magsaysay.

The Chief Executive made these remarks during the turn-over ceremonies of the De Leon Estate at the Malacañang Social Hall.

“Far from being an accomplishment, the purchase of the De Leon Estate is oily a big step forward in the objective of the administration to have every tenant own the farm he is tilling,” the President said.

“Toward this end,” he added, “the Administration is seeking through negotiated sale or through expropriation proceedings to acquire other landed estates.”

The President said that in Nueva Ecija alone there are six other estates already acquired or due for payment as follows: Lichauco, 58 hectares, in Cabanatuan City; Del Rosario, 667 hectares, in Cabanatuan City; Tuala, 838 hectares, in Guimba; Halili, 235 hectares, in Cabanatuan City; Uson, 26 hectares (for homesite purposes), in Jaen; and Juanito, 673 hectares, in Cuyapo.

The President warned against those who were trying to perpetuate the tenancy class in the country. He added that he was happy to have been an Instrument in helping eradicate the tenancy system here. “I wish more of our countrymen will become home owners, home builders, and home defenders,” the President said.

Comparing a tenant to a bird in a cage, the President said that no matter how well fed a bird was, it could never be happy and contented in the cage because it wanted to be free,

The President acknowledged that Doha Sisang Vda. de Leon, owner of the estate, acceded to the acquisition of the estate as a sincere gesture of cooperation with the government in its “land for the landless” program.

Alejandro Clemente, spokesman of the De Leon estate tenants, in his brief remarks told his fellow tenants gathered at the Social Hall to vote for the re-election of President Garcia so that he could pursue the “land for the landless” program and give other landless tenants a chance to have their own farms.

Manuel de Leon, son of Dona Sisang, in his brief remarks said that the De Leon family had agreed to the sale of their estate in their wish to cooperate with the government in accomplishing its land reform program. He expressed the wish that the tenants would continue cultivating their new parcels of land industriously.

Mrs. Amado Q. Aleta, in representation of her husband, the governor of Nueva Ecija, expressed her thanks for the acquisition of the estate. She met with applause when she asked the tenants to vote for President Garcia in the coming elections.

The tenants who were present at the Social Hall bore placards one of whish said “Ngayon Tayong Maliliit Ay Nagkaroon Din Ng Sariling Lupa.”

Luis V. de Leon, another son of Dona Sisang, signed the sales document in the name of the owners of the estate, while Manuel Castaneda, head of the Land Tenure Administration, signed in the name of the government.

President Garcia handed over to Manuel de Leon, a treasury warrant W the amount of ₱1,374,000 as one-half payment of the total price, the rest to be paid in land certificates cashable after five years. The hacienda has an area of 2,255 hectares.

At the average price of ₱l,213.72 a hectare the government paid for the land, the tenants will have to pay an annual installment of ₱96.57 a hectare for 25 years, which payment can be easily made by the tenants if they set aside 25 per cent of their regular harvests. There are about 500 tenants with some 2,000 dependents who will be benifited by this purchase.

After the subdivision of the land, each tenant is expected to be given four hectares of land which he will own.

Among those present at the ceremony were Sen. Pacita M. Gonzalez, Rep. Emilio Cortez, Executive Secretary Fortunato de Leon, Budget Commissioner Dominador Aytona, Rep. Enrique J. Corpuz, former Press Secretary J. V. Cruz, LTA Commissioners Numeriano Fabie and Juan Vera, and Mrs. Amado Aleta, wife of Nueva Ecija governor.

AT their meeting today President Garcia and his Cabinet adopted measures to insure the early remittance of the 85 per cent of export proceeds to the dollar reserves in order to strengthen the dollar position of the country.

At the same time, the President appointed a committee composed of Commerce Secretary Oscar Ledesma, as chairman, and Finance Secretary Jaime Hernandez and RFC Chairman Eduardo Z. Romualdez, as members, to look into ways to hasten the bringing in of commodities being imported under the 15 per cent privilege granted by the No-Dollar Import Law.

This measure was believed necessary in view of the fact that according to reports some $25 million worth of these import commodities had not arrived yet. It was pointed out that if these commodities were delivered here as they should have been, there would be less drain on the dollar reserves for additional importation of these commodities and that the prices of these goods would considerably go down.

After considering the recommendations of the Philippine Bankers Association, presented to the Cabinet by Alfonso Calalang, association president, and Jose D. Fernandez, also of the association, Commerce Secretary Oscar Ledesma, Finance Secretary Hernandez, and Budget Commissioner Dominador Aytona, the President and the Cabinet approved supplementary rules governing barter under R. A. 1410. These regulations are designed to insure the prompt remittance of the 85 per cent of export dollar proceeds to the Central Bank.

One of the rules adopted was that proposed by Commissioner Aytona, who recommended that the exporter of any commodity will be granted his barter permit for 15 per cent only upon certification by the Central Bank that the full dollar proceeds from the exportation of the applicant had been remitted to the C. B.

It was believed that this regulation would insure that the dollar proceeds of all exports from the Philippines would be promptly remitted to the Central Bank and thus strengthen the dollar position of the country.

The supplementary rules and regulations governing barter, as approved by the Cabinet follow:

1. Notwithstanding contrary provisions in existing regulations, all barter transactions shall be based on back-to-back letters of credit which shall be in accordance with the following conditions:

a. The export of goods must be covered by an export letter of credit from the foreign importer and such letter of credit must specifically provide for drawings at sight in dollars against shipping documents.

b. The import letter of credit that may be opened by the domestic producer-exporter must have as its beneficiary the same party opening the export letter of credit and negotiations under the import letter of credit shall be restricted to the country of destination of the Philippine products exported and to commodities originating from the country of destination of the corresponding Philippine exports, “originating” to mean that the commodities to be exported are covered by a certificate of origin duly signed by a consular officer as having originated from the country of the port of embarkation.

2. No import letter of credit may be issued by Philippine banks under Barter Permits issued by the NDIO until satisfactory evidence is presented that the full proceeds of the export corresponding to such credit have been actually credited to the negotiating Philippine bank.
3. The No-Dollar Import Office shall issue two types of barter permits: Type A for minor exports, surplus goods in excess of quotas set in the Laurel-Langley Agreement, and low-quality marginal-cost commodities; and Type B for fifteen per cent of major exports.

Type A permits shall be sub-divided into Type A-l for minor ex-, ports, Type A-2 for surplus goods in excess of quotas set in the Laurel-Langley Agreement, and Type A-3 for low-quality marginal-cost goods. No Type A-2 permit shall be issued for any commodity before the U.S. quota for said commodity has been filled.

The No-Dollar Import Office shall attach to every Type A barter permit it issues specific documents evidencing the prior shipment and the receipt of proceeds by the negotiating bank of the exportation of commodities on the basis- of which the barter permit is issued. Type B permits shall be issued only to the same parties who have made the export shipments, during the six months immediately preceding, on which the barter permit is based.

Shipments made to countries without exchange controls and to free ports shall be counted as part of the base on which Type B permits are given.

4. Barter permits shall be valid only:

a. For exports, 60 days after date of permit.

b. For imports, 90 days after negotiation of the corresponding export. If the corresponding export under the permit is not made within 60 days of issue, the barter permit lapses completely and becomes invalid.

If the collateral import under the permit is not made within 90 days after the negotiation of the corresponding export, the right to import shall lapse and the agent banks holding the foreign ex­change corresponding to the export previously made shall within 24 hours sell such exchange to the Central Bank.

5. Agent banks negotiating exports under barter permits shall make a segregation in their accounts of the proceeds of exports under NDIO barter permits and shall, when reporting to the Central Bank, clearly distinguish their free foreign balance from foreign bances acquired under barter exports.

6. Agent banks may open letters of credit under barter permits only upon prior certification by the Central Bank as to price accuracy.

7. The No-Dollar Import Office shall submit to the Central Bank at the end of each week a report of all barter permits issued during the week.

8. The previous Cabinet decision limiting the issuance of barter permits to producers of the commedities sought to be bartered shall be strictly enforced.

9. These supplementary rules and regulations shall govern all barter transactions, including those already approved but not yet consummated.

10. That no extension of existing barter permit which has expired shall be granted.

THE President and the Cabinet approved a proposal of the World War II Veterans Enterprises, Inc., to undertake the sale and distribution of specific items of goods coming from the $20 million reparations goods earmarked, for the veterans, at a profit of not more than 15 per cent in order to provide more benefits in the form of civic projects and to create job opportunities for war veterans war widows, and orphans.

Under the plan, the corporation will pay in cash for the reparations goods coming from Japan. Then it wall sell and distribute these goods to consumers, thus transforming the goods into cash, to be turned over to a bank designated by the Philippine Government, as a trust fund, as en­visioned in the new enactment of Congress. The corporation will undertake the sale of these goods at a gross profit about 15 per cent.

The corporation proposes to utilize this expected profit as follows:

(1) Set aside a certain sum to be determined and agreed upon later, for the expenses of a veterans mission to Washington, D.C., to work for more benefits for veterans, war widows, and orphans;

(2) Set aside a sum to be determined and agreed upon later, to be spent in the unification of all veterans organizations in the Philippines and in the establishment of an adequate headquarters complete with the necessary working personnel for the purpose; and

(3) Set aside an amount for investment in deep sea fishing, fish canning, and other allied dollar-producing industries which will employ exclusively veterans, war widows, and orphans.

The cooperation will file a performance bond to guarantee the faithful performance of its obligation.

The corporation, with Maj. Gen. Calixto Duque (Ret.) as president and general manager, has the support of the following organizations: the CONVETS, the PVL, the Cold Star Mothers and War Widows, the Marking’s Guerrillas, the United Disabled Veterans Association of the Philippines, the USAFIP, the Philippine Association of War Widows, the Parents and Orphans, and the Banal Guerrillas Organization.

The corporation claims that it has the support of veterans organizations comprising at least 95 per cent of all veterans of the country.

UPON recommendation of Carlos P. Ramos, director of the Institute of Public Administration, University of the Philippines, the Cabinet authorized the I. P. A. to conduct in Manila in December, 1957, a Southeast Asian regional conference with special reference to economic and social development.

Eighteen countries in Southeast Asia, including the Philippines, will participate in tht conference; namely, Australia, Burma, Cambodia, Ceylon, Federated States of Malaya, Hongkong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Nepal, Laos, New Zealand, Pakistan, Republic of China, Republic of Korea, Republic of Vietnam., and Thailand. Some 120 delegates and observers will attend the conference to be conducted over a period of 14 days.

The representatives will be composed of governmental administrators and professionals in the field of public administration.

The objectives of the proposed conference are:

(1) To help advance the cause of our economic and social development, through the interchange of experience and information, with a view to more effective administration of developmental programs among countries in this region.

(2) To establish communications among countries in this region as a basis for mutual cooperation in the advancement of public administration.

(3) To provide us with much needed information on, and insights into, the status and progress of public administration among our sister nations in Southeast Asia, thereby enriching our training and educational programs at the Institute of Public Administration.

(4) To help improve administration of public affairs, through the mutual exchange of information and ideas on education and through professional training for the public service.

(5) To join hands with representatives of countries in this region having common cause. with us in advancing the career service, especially in key administrative, technical, and other staff positions involved in the planning and implementation of economic and social development programs.

(6) To stimulate studies in practical methods and procedures for the improvement of the conduct of governmental business in the light of local conditions.

(7) To lay the groundwork for providing for a permanent and continuing organization on public administration in this region.

FINANCE Secretary Jaime Hernandez informed the President and the Cabinet that the Philippines became the fiftieth member of the International Finance Cefspiration last Monday morning, after Ambassador Carlos P. Romulo had signed the articles of agreement in a special ceremony in Washington, D. C.

The information was sent to the finance secretary by Jorge Mejia Palacio, executive director of the IFC.

It was pointed out that the membership of the Philippines in the IFC would benefit the country as citizens of member countries are entitled to ask financial assistance in the financing of business enterprises.

PRESIDENT Garcia at the Cabinet meeting appointed a committee to take charge of the observance of the late President Magsaysay’s birthday on August 31.

Appointed chairman of the committee is Education Secretary Martin Aguilar, Jr., with Acting Labor Secretary Agapito Braganza, Defense Secretary Eulogio Balao, and Social Welfare Administrator Amparo Villamor, as members.

The President said that he would like that Magsaysay’s birthday be celebrated fittingly in memory of the late President.

THE President and the Cabinet approved the following policy on the question as to whether or not the status of an employee who has reached retirement age of 57 may be changed from temporary to permanent, for purposes of retirement insurance benefit under Republic Act No. 660, as amended:

I. Classified employees

(a) Those who have already fulfilled the age and service requirements to be entitled to retirement insurance benefits under Republic Act No. 660 should be issued regular and permanent appointments for purposes of retirement insurance, subject to the provisions of the Civil Service Law and Rules. The physical examination provided for in Section 663(c) of the Revised Administrative Code as a prerequisite for permanent appointment should be waived with respect to those who are leaving or have already left the service on account of old age, physical incapacity, or death, but whose appointments have remained temporary for failure to undergo the prescribed physical examination.

(b) Temporary teachers are entitled to retirement insurance benefits without the necessity of permanent appointment.

(c) Substitute teachers are not eligible to insurance membership.

(d) In all cases of temporary employees in the classified service, the appointing official should propose the change of status of the employee concerned from temporary to permanent, if qualified under the Civil Service Law and Rules.

II. Unclassified employees

(a) Retiring employees in the unclassified service occupying fixed or permanent items shall be entitled to permanent appointments for retirement purposes. The requirement of physical examination is waived in favor of those who are leaving or have already left the service on account of old age, physical incapacity, or death, but whose appointments have remained temporary for failure to undergo physical examination.

(b) Casual or emergency employees without fixed items are not eligible to retirement insurance.

(c) Retiring employees, whether classified or unclassified, who left the service or were separated therefrom on account of old age prior to June 16, 1956, may be entitled to retirement insurance benefits if the period they were actually out of the service does not exceed one year from the date of their separation to June 16, 1956, the date of approval of Republic Act No. 1573.

President Garcia presided over the Cabinet meeting which was held at the Council of State room. The meeting lasted from 11 a.m. until 2:30 p.m.

PRESIDENT Garcia formally opened the 1957 Anti-TB National Fund and Educational Campaign by contributing ₱1,000 in a ceremony held at Malacañang’s social hall this afternoon.

In opening the drive, the President called upon every citizen and resident of this country “to intensify their united crusade against the White Plague, giving the enemy no quarters until every man, woman, and child need not shudder with dread from the spectre of tuberculosis.” (See Historical Papers and Documents in the next issue of the Official Gazette for the text of the President’s speech.)

After the President handed his check to Manuel Elizalde, general chairman of this year’s drive, other donors came forward with their contributions in amounts ranging from ₱100 to ₱10,000. Donors consisted of government and business firms as well as civic-spirited private citizens. Total collections at the ceremony amounted to ₱79,500.

The kick-off ceremony attended by members of the Cabinet, senators, representatives, members of the diplomatic corps and their ladies, and representatives of various civic organizations, started at 5:30 p.m. It began with an overture by the PC band with Lt. Col. Antonino Buenaventura, conducting.

The President’s speech lasted about five minutes. Among those with him on the speaker’s platform were the First Lady; Dona Julia de Ortigas, Gen. Basilio Valdes, and Dr. Miguel Canizares, president, vice-president, and executive vice-president, respectively, of the the Philippine Tuberculosis Society; and Miss Conchita Sunico, vice-chairman of this year’s campaign.

Following the ceremony which lasted until 6: 30 p.m., the President repaired to his study where he received several callers, including Reps. Cesar Fortich of Bukidnon and Enrique Corpus of Zambales.

August 15.THIS morning the President told a large group of housing project residents that negotiations with a view to selling outright the lots in join PHHC-ICA projects to their respective occupants are now in progress.

The President made this statement at the Malacañang study room this morning when the residents of the joint PHHC-ICA housing projects called to request the President to grant them the outright sale of the lots which they are occupying, in these projects. Rep. Serafin Salvador of Rizal acted as spokesman of the group.

The President said that he is not against the outright sale of the lots to occupants because such action would be in consonance with the policy of the Administration. He pointed out that those housing projects which were undertaken solely by the PHHC would amount to an outright sale because titles to these would eventually be issued to occupants.

Referring to the joint PHHC-ICA housing projects, the President said that he knows of no provision in the agreement of these two entities regarding the sale of lots to their respective occupants: He said that PHHC and the ICA authorities were exerting efforts to find means of effecting the outright sale of the lots in the joint projects to occupants.

Earlier, the President received governors and congressmen who requested assistance for public improvements. They discussed with the Chief Executive political developments in their respective localities.

The callers included Govs. Rafael Lazatin of Pampanga, Arsenio Lugay of Tar lac, and Delfin N. Montano of Cavite.

The President also received Sen. Quintin Paredes and ,.Rep. Lucas Paredes of Abra. They discussed the political situation in Abra.

PRESIDENT Garcia today directed Acting Education Secretary Martin Aguilar, Jr., to take immediate steps in order that the Iloilo Normal School teachers would be paid their salaries for the month of July.

The President gave this directive upon receiving news reports that teachers of the Iloilo Normal School had not received their salaries for July because the treasury warrant covering the amount for the operation and maintenance of the school had been wrongly credited to the city treasurer of Iloilo instead of to the provincial treasurer.

According to Santiago Villaluna, president of the Iloilo Normal School Teachers Association, the treasury warrant had been transmitted to the city treasurer through the Philippine National Bank, but the salaries of the teachers had not been paid because the city treasurer would not transfer the money to the provincial treasurer without an express authorization from his superiors in Manila.

The President told Secretary Aguilar to take the necessary steps and see to it that these salaries of the teachers were paid immediately.

THE President also directed the Department of Foreign Affairs to wire immediately Minister Jose D. Ingles in Hamburg, West Germany, to get in touch with Catalina Zandueta, soprano, who had appealed to the President for financial aid to further her mission of “selling” the Philippines to Europe.

Miss Zandueta made her appeal in Munchen, Germany.

The President told the department to direct Minister Ingles to submit his findings and recommendations on Miss Zandueta’s case as soon as possible.

In the evening President Garcia; Administered the oath of office to Ildefonso J. Remolona as member of the board of the Social Security Commission in a ceremony held at Malacañang.

Vice-President of the Mindanao Federation of Labor and assistant general secretary of the Philippine Trade Union Council, Commissioner Remolona will represent labor in the commission. He replaced Ignacio Lacsina whose nomination to the SSC had been bypassed at the last regular session of the Third Congress.

Present at the induction were Acting Labor Secretary Agapito Braganza; SSC Chairman and Administrator Rodolfo P. Andal; Ricardo Manalad, president of the Association of Port Checkers Union; Gaudencio Antonio, president of the Producers and Exporters Association; Mrs. Remolona, wife of the new appointee; and other relatives and friends of the inductee.

Source: University of the Philippines, College of Law Library

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