BIOGRAPHICAL DATA*

Birth
  • March 22, 1869 in Kawit, Cavite
Parents
  • Carlos Aguinaldo y Jamir
  • Trinidad Famy
Ethnic Affiliation
  • Tagalog
Spouse
  • Hilaria del Rosario (married 1896, died 1921)
  • Maria Agoncillo (married 1930)
Children
  • Carmen, Emilio Jr.
Education
  • Public schools in Kawit
  • Private tutors
  • Colegio de San Juan de Letran – bachillerato (college preparatory)
Profession prior to politics
  • Entrepreneur
Previous Positions
  • Cabeza de Barangay of Binakayan, Kawit
  • Capitan Municipal, Kawit, Cavite
  • Revolutionary General
Political Party
  • Magdalo faction – Katipunan (1898)
  • Partido Filipinista (1935)
Election Adversaries
  • Andres Bonifacio, General Mariano Trias (1897 Tejeros Convention)
  • Manuel L. Quezon, Gregorio Aglipay (1935)
Term of Office
  • President of the Biak-na-Bato Republic: November 2, 1897-December 15, 1897
  • Dictator of the Dictatorial Government: May 24, 1898 –June 22, 1898
  • President of the Revolutionary Government: June 23, 1898 – January 22, 1899
  • President of the Philippine Republic (Malolos Republic): January, 23 1899 – 23 March 1901
Age at Inauguration
  • 29 (Malolos Republic)
Death
  • February 6, 1964, Veterans Memorial Hospital, Quezon City
Vital Signs
Population
7.92 million (1898)
Total Exports
1.66 million hectares (1896)
US Direct Investments in the Philippines
815,453 (1903)
No. of Manufacturing Establishments
3,259 (1903)
Total Exports
US$ 22.99 million (1900)
National Budget of the Philippine Republic (estimates, 1899)
Expenditures
P 6.32 million
Allocation for the army
P 4.07 million
Communications and Public Works
P 0.36 million
Receipts
P 6.43 million
Portion from direct taxes
P 1.01 million
Portion from emergency war tax
P 4.05 million
Source: www.census.gov.ph; A.V.H. Hartendorp, History of Industry and Trade of the Philippines (Manila: American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines, 1958), 730.

*From Malaya, J. Eduardo, and Jonathan E. Malaya. …So Help Us God: The Presidents of the Philippines and Their Inaugural Addresses. Pasig: Anvil Publishing Inc., 2004.  Reproduced with permission of the authors.

 
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