The National Academy of Science and Technology

The National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) is the highest recognition and advisory body on science and technology. It is composed of outstanding scientists to serve as a reservoir of competent scientific and technological manpower for the country.

The 1973 Constitution stated that the advancement of science shall have priority in national development and that the  “State shall promote scientific research and invention.” In order to implement this constitutional mandate, Presidential Decree (PD) No. 1003-A, s. 1976, created the National Academy of Science and Technology, the highest recognition and advisory body on science and technology.

Executive Order (EO) No. 818, s. 1982, mandated NAST to act as the advisory body of the President of the Philippines and to the Cabinet in matters concerning science and technology in the Philippines. Furthermore, the EO empowered the Academy to engage in projects or programs designed to recognize outstanding achievements in science to promote scientific productivity.

Visit the website of the National Academy of Science and Technology

The Order of National Scientists

PD 1003-A intended to create a body to recognize outstanding achievements in science and technology as well as provide meaningful incentives to those engaged in scientific and technological research. In doing so, it also created the distinction of National Scientist, the highest honor given by the President of the Republic of the Philippines to a Filipino man or woman of science in the Philippines who has made significant contributions in one of the different fields of science and technology.  National Scientists are recommended annually by NAST “for distinguished individual or collaborative achievement in science and/or technology” and are  accorded rank and title by the President. According to PD 1003-A, National Scientists “shall each be given a gratuity in such amount to be fixed by the Academy and shall be entitled to other privileges as are enjoyed by the ‘National Artists’.”

In 2003, EO 236 was signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. It codified the system of Philippine Orders and State Decorations, and elevated the standing of the National Scientists into the Order of National Scientists, with the Order defined as such:

… an award that grants membership in an exclusive association of honored individuals, and which by tradition carries with it distinctive insignia to be worn by recipients.

Since 1978, the President of the Philippines has conferred the rank and title of National Scientist on 35 Filipinos, 14 of whom are still living.

PD 1003-A defines a scientist as an individual who has earned a doctoral degree in any field of the sciences in an accredited university, and has demonstrated and earned distinction in independent research or significant innovative achievement in the basic and applied sciences, including agricultural, engineering, medical sciences, and mathematics, as manifested by his/her published works in recognized scientific and technical journals. The decree stated however that “in highly meritorious and extremely exceptional cases the foregoing doctoral degree requirement may be waived.”

The Order of National Social Scientists

The Honors Code of 2003 also created the Order of National Social Scientists, grouped and ranked with the Order of National Scientists and the Order of National Artists as the Order of Artistic, Cultural, and Scientific Merit of the Republic. This in effect removed social scientists under the purview of the Order of National Scientists. However, guidelines and its insignia have yet to be created.

Process of naming a National Scientist

The National Scientists, 1978–2011

                        

Name Year Conferred Field of Specialization
Juan S. Salcedo Jr., M.D. 1978 Nutrition and Public Health
Alfredo C. Santos, Dr.phil. 1978 Physical Chemistry
Gregorio Y. Zara, D.Sc. 1978 Engineering and Inventions
Fe del Mundo, M.D. 1980 Pediatrics
Eduardo A. Quisumbing, Ph.D. 1980 Plant Taxonomy, Systematics, and Morphology
Geminiano T. de Ocampo, Ph.D. 1982 Ophthalmology
Casimiro del Rosario, Ph.D. 1982 Physics, Astronomy, and Meteorology
Gregorio T. Velasquez, Ph.D. 1982 Phycology
Francisco M. Fronda, Ph.D. 1983 Animal Husbandry
Francisco O. Santos, Ph.D. 1983 Human Nutrition and Agricultural Chemistry
Carmen C. Velasquez, Ph.D. 1983 Parasitology
Teodoro A. Agoncillo, Litt.D. 1985 Philippine History
Encarnacion A. Alzona, Ph.D. 1985 Philippine History
Hilario D. G. Lara, M.D., Dr. P.H. 1985 Public Health
Julian A. Banzon, Ph.D. 1986 Chemistry
Dioscoro L. Umali, Ph.D. 1986 Agriculture and Rural Development
Luz Oliveros-Belardo, Ph.D. 1987 Phytochemistry
José Encarnación Jr., Ph.D. 1987 Economics
Alfredo V. Lagmay, Ph.D. 1988 Experimental Psychology
Paulo C. Campos, M.D. 1989 Nuclear Medicine
Pedro B. Escuro, Ph.D. 1994 Genetics and Plant Breeding
Clara Y. Lim-Sylianco, Ph.D. 1994 Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry
Dolores A. Ramirez, Ph.D. 1998 Biochemical Genetics and Cytogenetics
Jose R. Velasco, Ph.D. 1998 Plant Physiology
Gelia T. Castillo, Ph.D. 1999 Rural Sociology
Bienvenido O. Juliano, Ph.D. 2000 Organic Chemistry
Clare R. Baltazar, Ph.D. 2001 Systematic Entomology
Benito S. Vergara, Ph.D. 2001 Plant Physiology
Onofre D. Corpuz, Ph.D. 2004 Political Economics and Government
Ricardo M. Lantican, Ph.D. 2005 Plant Breeding
Lourdes J. Cruz, Ph.D. 2006 Marine Biology
Teodulo M. Topacio 2008 Veterinary Medicine
Mercedes B. Concepcion 2010 Demography
Ernesto O. Domingo 2010 Infectious Diseases
Perla D. Santos Ocampo 2010 Pediatrics
Raul V. Fabella 2011 Economics
Bienvenido F. Nebres 2011 Mathematics