That the movement for independence was a collective one—a national one—has been recognized by President Aquino, as reflected in his Independence Day commemorations of the past years from various crucial settings. This annual pilgrimage by the President emphasizes that the revolution was truly national in extent and character.

In 2011, the President launched the commemoration of the 113th anniversary of the proclamation of independence in Kawit, Cavite—where the Philippine flag was first waved before its people, and the national anthem first played. In 2012, the President headed the ceremonies from the Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan—the venue of the Malolos Congress, which had drafted the Constitution of our First Republic.

Last year, the President led the commemoration from Liwasang Bonifacio. This year, President Aquino leads the Independence Day celebration from Naga City, Camarines Sur, to commemorate the great contribution of the Bicol region in the Philippine Revolution, signalled by the martyrdom of the Quince Martires—the 15 Bicolano Martyrs—on January 4, 1897.

I. Speech of President Aquino

Inihayag sa Lungsod Naga, Camarines Sur, noong ika-12 ng Hunyo 2014. Pangulong Benigno S. Aquino III: "Patuloy na lumitaw ang mga bayani na magtataguyod ng iba't ibang anyo ng kalayaan sa maraming bahagi ng bansa."

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II. The Flag Days (May 28 - June 12)

From May 28 to June 12 of every year, we are encouraged to display the Philippine national flag in all offices, agencies, and instruments of government, business establishments, schools, and private homes. During the Flag Days, the nation prepares to celebrate Independence Day.

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III. The Evolution of the Revolution

The narrative of the Philippine Revolution was not just a phenomenon centered in one city; various events took place in different points of the archipelago as part of the Revolution against Spain and the Philippine–American War.

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IV. The 15 Bicolano Martyrs

In Naga City, residents have built Plaza Quince Martires on November 29, 1926 to commemorate the death of the 15 Bicolano men known as the Los Quince Martires, the fifteen martyrs—the Bicolano sacrifice in the Philippine Revolution. The President leads the commemoration of Independence Day 2014 from Naga this year; he will be paying tribute to these heroes who contributed to the birth of the nation.

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V. Generals of the Philippine Revolution

Learn more about the commanders and generals of the Philippine Revolution through these trading cards, which may be printed, folded as instructed, and used as educational guides.

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VI. June 12 and the commemoration of Philippine independence

Today, the proclamation of Philippine Independence is celebrated on June 12—but before 1962, it was celebrated on July 4. Learn more about how we once shared our anniversary of independence with the United States, and how, over time, we chose a date that is our own.

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VII. Araw ng Republikang Filipino 1899

The Malolos Congress ushered in the birth of the First Philippine Republic. The congress composed the first constitution of the country, which defined its government as republican in form, with power shared between three branches of government—the foundation of a modern state.

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VIII. Cuisine and the ratification of independence

On September 29, 1898, the Malolos Congress ratified the Independence Proclamation of June 12, 1898. To celebrate, reputed pastry maker Juan Padilla and cook Emilio Gonzales, prepared and served “high-style” courses at par with the finest European banquet.

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IX. History of the Philippine National Anthem

We celebrate three anniversaries on June 12: The anniversary of the proclamation of Philippine independence from Spain; the anniversary of the Philippine flag, which was formally presented to the people from the window of President Emilio Aguinaldo’s house in Cavite during the proclamation of independence; and the anniversary of our National Anthem, which was played for the first time in public today, 116 years ago.

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X. Philippine Independence Day Speeches

In 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Proclamation No. 28, s. 1962, effectively moving the date of Philippine independence from July 4 to June 12. What follows are the Independence Day speeches of the Presidents of the Philippines since that year.

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XI. The Documents of Independence

There was a long and difficult bureaucratic process that came with the proclamation of Philippine independence. What follows is a list of documents.

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